The “Left Party” (Die Linke) was founded in 2007 as merger of the primarily East German “Party of Democratic Socialism” (PDS) and the West German “Electoral Alternative for Jobs and Social Justice” (WASG). In the last federal election in September 2013, it became the third strongest party, winning 8.6% of the popular vote and 64 seats in the German Bundestag (36 women and 28 men). The co-chairs of the Left Party’s parliamentary group are Dietmar Bartsch, 59, and Sahra Wagenknecht, 47. The party’s current presidents are Katja Kipping, 39, and Bernd Riexinger, 61. The Left Party has elected representatives in 10 of the 16 German states and thousands of elected representatives on the county level.
In the European Parliament, the Left Party’s seven members are part of the “Confederal Group of the European United Left/Nordic Green Left” (GUE/NGL).
Black Radicalism in the United States had many faces and followed many directions, yet always dealt with the important question of how the plight of African Americans—the (former) slaves—in the US could be changed for the better. Many of the ideas related to this question might have been utopian, but even more of them were radical, covering the broad meaning of the word. Dealing with Black Radicalism in the......
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