The “Left Party” (Die Linke) was founded in 2007 as merger of the primarily East German “Party of Democratic Socialism” (PDS) and the West German “Electoral Alternative for Jobs and Social Justice” (WASG). In the last federal election in September 2017, the party won 9.2% of the popular vote (2013: 8.6%) and 69 seats in the German Bundestag (37 women and 32 men). The co-chairs of the Left Party’s parliamentary group are Dietmar Bartsch, 59, and Sahra Wagenknecht, 48. The party’s current presidents are Katja Kipping, 40, and Bernd Riexinger, 62. The Left Party has elected representatives in 10 of the 16 German states and thousands of elected representatives on the county level.
In the European Parliament, the Left Party’s seven members are part of the “Confederal Group of the European United Left/Nordic Green Left” (GUE/NGL).
9:30 AM | Welcome Notes
9:45 AM-11:15 AM | Exploitation
– Refusal to Participate: African Americans and the Proposed Olympic Boycott, 1934-1935
Stanley Arnold, Associate Professor, Department of History, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois
– A Consideration of Sporting Boycotts: Scotland, South Africa, and the 1986 Commonwealth Games
Fiona Skillen, Lecturer in Sport and Event Management, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, Scotland
Matt McDowell, Lecturer in Sport Policy, Management, and International Development, Moray House School of Education,......
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